Crilatse Grammar

 

Contents




 

Nouns (cuacal)



Nouns add suffixes to show pluralization or possession (genitive case):

 PluralGenitiveGenitive
Plural
arussca
"man"
arusscacal
"men"
arusscascat
"man's"
arusscacalscat
"men's"

When showing possession, the possessor is placed second, e.g. su tefcacal arusscascat "the man's eyes."


If a feminine form is needed for a noun, the suffix -st is added, e.g. arusscast "woman."

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Verbs (alaracal)

 

Conjugation

There are four patterns of verb conjugation, based on the infinitive ending: -al, -el, -il, and -cul. To conjugate a verb, remove the ending (-al, -el, -il, or -cul) and add the appropriate inflection:

Present Tense

Person-al Verbs-el Verbs -il Verbs-cul Verbs
I-at-et-it-cuat
you-atu-etu-itu-cuatu
he/she/it-as-es-is-cuas
we-atac-etac-itec-cuatac
you
(plural)
-atuc-etuc-ituc-cuatuc
they-asac-esac-isec-cuasac

Past Tense

Person-al Verbs-el Verbs -il Verbs-cul Verbs
I-ae-ae-ae-uae
you-aet-eat-ait-uet
he/she/it-ate-ete-ite-ute
we-atae-etae-itae-utae
you
(plural)
-aet-eat-ite-uet
they-asae-esae-isae-usae

 

 

The verb cul

The verb cul ("to be") is irregular and is conjugated as follows:

PersonPresent TensePast Tense>
Icuatcuae
youcatucuet
he/she/itcatascuaet
wecuataccutae
you
(plural)
cuatuccuet
theycuasaccusae
 

Negation

Negation is accomplished by adding the prefix up- to a verb. For example, tirstat "I see" becomes uptirstat "I don't see".

 

Noun Formation from Verbs

Verbs replace the infinitive suffix with the suffix -ac to become nouns, e.g. tirstac "sight" from tirstal "to see".

To form an agent noun from a verb, add the suffix -atse to the infinitive, e.g. ssiculatse "walker" from ssicul "to walk" or crilatse "follower" from cril "to follow".


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Pronouns



 Nominative/AccusativeGenitive
Iatascat
youatuatuscat
heasescat
sheasuuscat
itaseiscat
weatacatascat
you
(plural)
atucatuscat
theyasacasascat
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Sentence Structure



Sentences follow a subject-object-verb order. Adjectives and adverbs are placed immediately (or as close as possible after) the word they modify.

Examples:

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